Painful, Red, Small or Hard Itchy Bumps on Scalp Causes

Are you wondering why you are getting itchy bumps on your scalp? Are you confused about what they mean? Is there anything you can do to get rid of these itchy bumps on your head? Consider the below article a guide to understanding them and available treatments.

Overview and types

You cannot predict how exactly they will appear. Also, some people get them only at the back of the scalp, others in the whole scalp including around temples, hairline, etc.  Sometimes itchy bumps will appear on both scalp and neck.

There really are several kinds that could also be itchy, with some of them not painful. The reasons you could have them are as varied as how the bumps look. Let us look at the different types as this will help you know what a possible cause could be.

Bumps on the scalp at the back of head due to Acne Keloidalis Nuchae
Acne Keloidalis Nuchae

1. Blister-like

These could also be surrounded by redness, tender patches on the scalp and crusty scabs on scalp. The bump and area surrounding it may also have hair loss. They could accompany ringworm infection on your scalp.

2. Itchy and red

These could point at a lice infestation on your scalp. They are not painful to touch and do not seem to be storing any fluid in them. You could feel them as small hard bumps on the scalp. When lice puncture your scalp to feed on your blood, the scalp may form itchy red pimple-like bumps. Note that with lice, they will be itchy with no dandruff.

3. Lumpy

Reactions and sensitivity to certain products, or allergies could be causing lumps on the scalp that itch. Some may call them bumps. You could be reacting to hair dyes, shampoos certain hair treatment like keratin and other hair products. You are likely to feel the itching and bumps appearing not long after using the suspect product.

They could also appear as a reaction to certain medications you might be using. It could also be part of an allergic reaction and not necessarily to hair product if the bumps are not only on the scalp but spread throughout the body.

4. Painful

In this case, they could be both sore and painful to touch and itchy. They could also be red, or green or even white and are likely to have fluid in them. Bumps like these could mean a bacterial infection of the hair follicle. This is also called folliculitis and is a serious condition that could lead to permanent hair loss if not addressed properly or early. If you noticed such bumps, you should resist the temptation to rupture a pustule as this could leave an open wound and further infection could occur. You should also desist from causing further damage by rough combing, braiding or plaiting.

6. Small and red

Small itchy red bumps that appear on your scalp and may later turn into equally itchy red small blisters could be dermatitis. Find your way to a dermatologist for a proper diagnosis.

7. Scalp bump that won’t go away

Not to alarm you or anything, it could very well be a really stubborn itchy pimple on the head, but some forms of skin cancer can show up in the form of bumps on the skin that will either not g away, keeps growing or comes and goes. It is important that you have yourself checked just to be sure before embarking on those home remedies.

8. Soft ones

People with Lupus may have soft bumps. People who are HIV positive may also have them on the face and scalp and or open sores. HIV does not cause them but weakens immunity making one vulnerable to other conditions that may cause them.

9. Cysts and acne pimples

Turns out there is not winning with zits and pimples, you can also get them on your scalp. At first, you may think it is just another itchy bump on your scalp, but if you look closer you may be able to tell pimples from regular bumps. Scalp acne will come about the same way regular acne does, misbehaving or overly enthusiastic sebaceous glands. The excess sebum will clog pores and result in an acne bump that might itch from time to time.

Cysts are also the result of blockage but of the ducts in the hair shaft. You will know cysts because they appear as a sharply raised bump under the skin that itches and should you pop it, it oozes a white sticky fluid.

Treatment for an itchy scalp with bumps

If you any of the above types, some of the good treatments to give a try include the following:

1. Medicated Shampoo

Medicated shampoo that contains selenium sulfide could help get rid of itchy bumps on your scalp caused by ringworm. Your doctor could also recommend anti-fungal medications. Combine these treatments with better hygiene practices like not sharing combs and brushes with other people.

Tar-based shampoos will also help with scalp bumps, as a result, seborrhea dermatitis. For more serious cases, a shampoo containing anti-fungal medication is more likely to help. This shampoo may also help with some stubborn cases of folliculitis. Shampoos with salicylic acid are also popular treatments for most of the symptoms of many scalp disorders.

Just be sure to use the shampoo you are prescribed for or choose regularly.

2. Topical creams

The doctor may prescribe a topical antibiotic treatment for folliculitis if it is what is causing the itching bumps on your head. Steroid based creams may be prescribed to help with the itching.

Natural relief remedies

You can try tea tree oil as a natural way to get rid of an itching scalp with bumps. Just massage several drops of pure tea tree oil and let your skin soak up the anti-bacterial benefits of the oil. Rinse off after thirty minutes. You can also ensure that your shampoo contains tea tree oil and use it regularly to alleviate the itching and any bumps on your skin.

Though it is not an instant fix, incorporating healthy fats into your diet like oily fish could also be helpful with some of the conditions that cause itchiness and bumps on your head. This is a general skin health tip though.

When caused by allergies

If you suspect allergy is the reason you have bumps on scalp that itch, discontinue use of the product immediately and see your doctor as soon as possible. See a doctor if you cannot establish what is causing them on your head and other parts of the body.

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