What are scalp warts and what do they look like? How do people get them? How do I differentiate them from other scalp lesions? Are they infectious and how can I get rid of warts on my scalp?
To get answers to all these questions, here is a discussion of all the information you may wish to know about them including what they are, their causes, symptoms, and even treatments.
What are they
Warts on the skin are skin overgrowth caused by various types of human papillomavirus (HPV). This is a widespread skin problem affecting young and adults of both sexes but more common in adults.
Body ones are actually the common clinical symptoms of the HPV infection. It can occur on any cutaneous surface mostly on legs, elbows hands, feet, genitals, face and scalp. According to Simple-remedies.com, “They appear as tiny raised rough or smooth bumps sometimes elongated projections on the skin surface.”
Warts may also occur as a single raised bump or they may develop in clusters. You should also know that, they non-cancerous skin growths that usually pose no serious risk. After one getting infected with HPV, the time they will take to appear on the skin usually vary from one individual to other. It may take a week or much longer to be seen on the skin, depending on how one’s immunity responds
The different types of body include common warts, plantar, genital, cervical, mosaic, filiform, flat and pedunculated (usually occur neck, head, and scalp)
What is their cause?
As we had already mentioned, they are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) which usually affect the top layer of the skin. There are more than 30 types of HPV that can cause them.
This kind of infection usually comes from people who shelter the virus on their body. Robert Brodell, MD, a dermatologist in Warren, Ohio says that “People get warts from other people with warts; they don’t get them from frogs and toads.”
Therefore, if you happen to have cuts, scratches or breaks in your skin and come into close contact with an infected person, obviously you will fall a victim. According to Webmd.com:
- They are easily spread by direct contact with human papillomavirus.
- You can infect yourself again by touching it and then touching another part of your body.
- You can infect another person by shaking hands or sharing towels, razors, or other personal items.
Wart on head or scalp may not be visible especially if you have thick hair or you can confuse them with other scalp lesions. You may only discover them when you comb or wash your hair. This may even make them to get irritated and even bleed as well as contracting new infections.
Symptoms and their diagnosis
Usually, warts will vary in terms of shapes and sizes. They can just range from rough-surfaced bump to flat and smooth spot or pointy finger-like bump and they usually vanish on their own though there are cases of people with kinds multiplying rapidly and even reoccur after medications.
You must boost your immune system to keep them from growing back after treatments.
To diagnose scalp wart, a doctor may give it a physical examination by just looking at it. A tissue from it may also be taken to be analyzed under microscope especially if the skin growth bleeds, is darker than the skin around, is an irregular patch or is huge and fast growing.
Best ways of getting rid of warts on Scalp – treatments
Although they cannot be prevented, there a good range of treatments and precautionary measures that can be taken to get rid of them, and minimize the risk of having them respectively. The treatment will depend on location, size, type, person’s age and medical history of the patient. Below are different ways doctors apply for skin warts removal:
1. Freezing the head wart
Skin wart removal can involve freezing the head using nitrogen, a procedure known as cryosurgery. This treatment is usually repeated either after two weeks or four weeks until the menace is done with.
2. Burning them and surgical removal
These are another two best wart treatment. A light electrical current is used to burn it but can be painful and leave a scar (electrosurgery). Surgical removal or scraping can also be applied. Before applying these procedures, the area around it should be frozen by injection.
3. Vaporizing them
They can also be eliminated using a laser. This is another best way to get rid of them fast from your scalp.
4. Using topical OTC
There are also over the counter preparations and prescribed medicine that can be used. Generally, over the counter drugs are not usually recommended since they contain salicylic acid that may be harsh to sensitive skins.
Many dermatologists also agree that patients with warts can begin with removal home remedies. Below are some of the home remedies that they highly recommend.
Removal at home
You can dip a cloth into apple cider vinegar and cover the wart with a cloth. Wrap the whole area and leave it to sit overnight, and remove it the first thing in the morning. Continue applying the remedy for one week. You can also use a clove of garlic as well as other essential oils including tea tree oil.
Warning: home remedies are not medically proven and can only treat mild cases or cannot provide any relive at all.
When to get professional help?
Seek help from your GP if they cause pain, is bleeding easily, spans easily to other places of the body i.e. neck or comes back despite the treatments. You can also visit a professional if you want your wart to be removed due to little pain or cosmetic reasons.
List of References